History of Hackensack
Hackensack's name honors the "Sagamore of Hacquinsacq," Lenni Lenape Chief Oratam, born in 1577, who deeded the land to early settlers in 1664.
The town was first settled as a trading post by the Dutch in 1639, later occupied by the French Huguenots and, in 1688, by the British. At that time it was known as the township of New Barbadoes. In 1921, by referendum vote, Hackensack received its charter under its present name.
A strategic point during the American Revolution, Hackensack was a small village centered around The Green. Washington headquartered here in November 1776 while he surveyed the local roads and bridges. On November 20,1776 he led his army into Hackensack. It camped on The Green as he made the important decision to continue the retreat from overwhelming British and Hessian forces. This prepared the way for the first American victory of the Revolution the following month at the Battle of Trenton.
At The Green is the statue of General Enoch Poor, one of Washington's officers, who died in September 1780. He was buried in the adjoining cemetery of the Dutch Reformed Church. The church, originally built in 1696 and rebuilt in 1791, is the oldest in Bergen County and the second oldest in New Jersey.
Hackensack is the seat of Bergen County in northeastern New Jersey, occupying 4.6 square miles. Elevation is from three feet to 120 feet above sea level. From a number of locations one can see the New York City skyline, seven miles to the east.
Click here for more history.
The population of Hackensack is approximately 43,000. However, the daytime population more than triples as people come to the county seat daily for various commercial, professional, or personal needs.
Statistical Information (2010 U.S. Census)
The city is governed by a Council-Manager form of government. Five councilpeople are elected every four years, and the Mayor and Deputy Mayor are selected by the Council. The City Manager is a full-time, professional municipal executive.
Municipal services are provided by the city and are paid for by real estate taxes. Services include well-manned Police and Fire Departments (More than 100 police officers, 43 school crossing guards, and 101 firefighters stationed at four strategically-located firehouses with up-to-date equipment), an efficient Traffic Department, Department of Human Services, Youth Guidance Bureau, full-service Health Department, City Engineer, Department of Community Affairs, City Attorney, Public Works Department, City garage, modern street lighting, sewage facilities, and road maintenance.
Garbage collection is curbside, (Residents may call 646-3955 if unable to meet this requirement due to infirmity or disability.)
Recyclable items (newspapers, corrugated cardboard, glass bottles and aluminum cans) are picked up regularly. For specific collection dates and collection requirements, click here.
As the county seat, Hackensack houses county and state courts, the administrative offices of Bergen County, the County Department of Public Works, and the County Police Department. There is a substation of the New-Jersey State Police within the city limits. Federal agencies include the Hackensack Post Office and the district Post Office, offices of the Federal Bureau of investigation, the Treasury Department, Social Security, and others.
A revaluation of all properties will take place in 2005-2006.
The tax dollar is spent approximately as follows: 45% on education, 40% on municipal services, and 15% for Bergen County services.
The City of Hackensack has a Class AA financial rating and an AA rating from the Fire Rating Bureau for its fire protection.
The FBI reveals that Hackensack's crime rate is under the crime rate for cities in this class. The city has also one of the lowest records of juvenile delinquency.
New Jersey routes 4, 17, 46, and U.S. interstate Route 80 ail cross Hackensack. There are 75.5 miles of paved streets within the city, kept in excellent repair by the Department of Public Works.
Two railroads serve Hackensack, The New York-Susquehanna & Western supplies freight services only, while New Jersey Transit supplies both freight and commuter services.
The City received a State grant in excess of $500,000 to modernize the Bus Transfer Station and surrounding streets. The Bus Transfer Station, newly remodeled and refurbished, has a state-of-the-art security system. Some 26 bus routes come into Hackensack.
Airport limousine service is available to Kennedy International, LaGuardia, and Newark Airports. Teterboro Airport, offering air service for commerce and industry and air shuttle service to the major metropolitan airports, is a mile from the city.
Local taxicabs also operate within the city.
Located within Hackensack are the Public Service Electric & Gas Company, Verizon Telephone Company, and the United Water Company.
The city has excellent banking institutions to serve business and the individual. Maintaining offices in the city are many substantial and dependable professionals and businessmen, such as attorneys, insurance agents, real estate brokers, architects, accountants and others.
The hub of the shopping district is Main Street, which attracts shoppers from all over Bergen County. Stores and services of all types are located conveniently throughout the city.
The Riverside Square shopping mail is located at the intersection of Hackensack Avenue and Route 4.
Click here for Hackensack Chamber of Commerce.
The educational facilities in Hackensack are excellent. In addition to the fine public school system, there are three parochial schools and three private schools in the city.
The highly-rated Bergen County Vocational and Technical High School is located within Hackensack.
Evening adult education programs are offered in both high schools.
Bergen Community College offers a full-time day and evening Learning Center in Hackensack, The Center provides free adult education programs in reading, math, and language skills. In addition, the College offers a wide range of courses at the Center.
Located in Hackensack are Fairleigh Dickinson University's School of Dentistry and Edward Williams College. FDU's Teaneck-Hackensack campus offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate courses of study.
Private and Parochial Schools
Click here for all Hackensack Schools.
Parks and Recreation
The city maintains 15 public parks and conducts playground programs during the summer. In the various parks can be found baseball diamonds, ice skating rinks, basketball courts, and at Johnson Park free tennis courts are available to residents.
What's Independence Day without fireworks, a picnic, games, and music?
You'll find all this and more at Foschini Park, where Hackensack celebrates July 4th with a booming annual extravaganza. The recreation epicenter of the city, Foschini Park is the largest" in Hackensack and the site of concerts, ethnic celebrations, and cultural events. Spread out over 27.79 acres adjacent to River Street, Foschini is home to the semi-professional baseball Troasts, not to mention numerous amateur soft-ball, football, and soccer teams that play on its 11 fields-one equipped with lights and bleachers. Fans can enjoy tasty food prepared at the new field house or enjoy an after-game stroll along the new riverside walkway.
Located across from Bowler City and the brand new ice-skating rink, Foschini once welcomed a special visitor—President Reagan, whose helicopter landed on its grass.
The heart of Hackensack's historic heritage, the Green was given to the city's residents in the late 1600s by Barbadian planter Captain John Berry. For three hundred years, the Green has been the focal point of many of the city's celebrations and cultural events, including the annual holiday tree lighting ceremony, the Veterans Day memorial service, and art shows.
The Green's landmarks include one of New Jersey's first churches-the First Reformed Church, dedicated in 1696-and a monument, to Continental Army Brigadier General Enoch Poor, a confidant of George Washington.
As spring approaches, the city's greenhouse and the park's baseball diamond begin to come alive in Johnson Park. Located on the River Street waterfront across from Sears, Roebuck, and Co., Johnson Park is a choice lunch-time spot for area workers. Its lighted tennis courts, four volleyball courts, children's section, and ample parking spaces make it a convenient stop for commuters and city residents alike.
Staib Park's large lawn is loved by the amateur duffers who use it to practice their golf swings. Tucked away into the northernmost part of the city next to Summit Avenue, Staib features a baseball field, many varieties of trees, a specially designed playground for handicapped children, basketball courts, and a small field house.
During the winter, Baldwin Park's street hockey/roller-skating rink is transformed into an ice-skating rink. Located on Grand Avenue between Ross and Popular Avenues, Baldwin is also a popular warm-weather spot, hosting Sunday newspaper readers, softball players, and the seesaw and swings crowd. Sitting on just 1.15 acres, Baldwin caters to its next-door neighbors, the students who attend the Fairmount School.
During the warm weather months, Second Street's Carver Park kicks up its heels, hosting many of Hackensack's summer recreation programs, including a basketball league that plays on newly refurbished and lighted courts.
A true neighborhood park settled in amongst tree-lined streets, Carver hosts the city's African-American Family Reunion and Community Day every August. Recent renovations have included a neighborhood building with bathrooms and a community room with kitchen, separate children's parks for toddlers and older children, and a handball court.
Each year on the second Sunday in October, people from all over northern New Jersey flock to Columbus Park to participate in the city's annual Columbus Day celebration. Located on 5.83 acres at West Franklin Street and Old Hoboken Road, the park undergoes a beautification by the Hackensack Chapter of UN1CO National and the city' to prepare for the event. Columbus Park also delights at every other time of the year and features a statue of its namesake and a newly built walking track, a recently resurfaced tennis court, a street hockey/roller-skating rink, a baseball/softball field, and basketball courts for exercise and fun. For the kids, there are swings and a fabulous boat for playtime.
Union Street Park
Union Street Park's bustling basketball courts come alive at night under the lights. Fans of the New York City Marathon will enjoy a walled mural of the November event, which children from the city recreated using a projector and a New York Times photo. Benches and tables for socializing keep adults busy, while young visitors delight in the swings, slide, and jungle gym, which sit atop a large sand mound in the center of the park's youth area.
Anderson Street Park
Quaint and homey, the elegant Anderson Street Park is the centerpiece of the city's Historic Village of Anderson and Linden Streets and home to the famous Anderson Street train station. The park, as well as the surrounding businesses and residences, underwent a revitalization last year. Anderson Street Park now boasts new sidewalks, curbs, benches, a fountain, and lights. Upgraded landscaping-including new shrubs and trees-make the park a pleasant, quiet diversion from the busy commerce of its neighborhood.
The local YMCA and YWCA offer programs and facilities. The 1200-seat Orrie de Nooyer Auditorium is the scene of frequent cultural events during the year- operas, ballet, symphonies, concerts and others.
The New Jersey Naval Museum, home of the USS Ling, a World War II submarine, is located at River and Court Streets. The submarine has been
restored to mint condition and is open for tours from 10:00 a.m. to 6 p.m. seven days a week, weather permitting.
The Rothman Center, a 5,000-seat auditorium completed by Fairleigh Dickinson University in 1987, hosts all university athletic competitions and high school athletic events, as well as trade shows and exhibitions.
The Johnson Public Library at 274 Main Street is open Monday through Saturday. The library serves as a reference and information center and houses over 200,000 volumes. It has approximately 450 periodical subscriptions, the majority of which are held for 20 years. The library serves as a select U.S. Government Documents Depository and a full New Jersey Government Documents Depository.
The library's special events include film showings, art exhibits, and senior citizens programs. The Children's Department offers story hours for preschoolers and Saturday afternoon movies.
Libraries are also maintained in the public schools.
A medical library at the Hackensack Medical Center is available to the general public for reference only, Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.
A law library is maintained in the County Administrative Building, available to the public for reference only,
A government documents department at Fairleigh Dickinson University is open to the public for reference Monday through Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., and Wednesday evenings from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Hackensack University Medical Center’s standing as one of New Jersey’s and the nation’s healthcare leaders is driven by a commitment to quality. At Hackensack University Medical Center, quality means always striving to deliver the best medicine to our patients. It means always reevaluating the delivery of healthcare to ensure that high standards are achieved. It means never turning away from a community need, but instead redoubling our efforts and commitment to respond to those needs.
Hackensack University Medical Center, a 781-bed teaching and research hospital affiliated with The University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–New Jersey Medical School, is the largest provider of inpatient and outpatient services in the state of New Jersey and is the fourth largest provider of services in the nation based on admissions.
Since Hackensack University Medical Center is one of the region’s most comprehensive and progressive medical centers, it easily attracts many of the area’s leading physicians. These doctors, many of whom are on the cutting edge in their fields and have received their training at our nation’s most prominent institutions, have selected Hackensack University Medical Center as their place to practice their best medicine.
Our medical staff is joined by a team of extraordinary nurses. As a Magnet Hospital, Hackensack University Medical Center attracts and retains nurses who are tops in their fields.
Throughout its history Hackensack University Medical Center has been recognized by many of the nation’s most prestigious organizations for its high level of clinical and organizational excellence. Not only do these recognitions set us apart from our competitors, more importantly they provide consumers with valuable objective data on which to make informed decisions about their healthcare. More than a plaque on the wall, our vast recognitions, rankings, and ratings highlight medical excellence at Hackensack University Medical Center – the hallmark of our success.
One of America’s 50 Best Hospitals according to HealthGrades – the only hospital in New Jersey, New York, and New England to receive this recognition.
Wellington Hall Nursing Home, located in the city, caters to the needs of individuals requiring extended and custodial care.
A free Volunteer Ambulance Corps serves Hackensack from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. During the day, Hackensack University Medical Center provides emergency medical technicians. Both units work in conjunction with the paramedics.
City Council—1st and 3rd Mondays at 7:30 p.m. Council Chambers, City Hall, 65 Central Ave.
Zoning Board of Adjustment—3rd Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. Council Chambers, City Hall
Board of Education—4th Monday at 8:00 p.m. Board Room, Board of Education, 355 State Street.
Planning Board—2nd Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. Council Chambers, City Hall.
Housing Authority—2nd Thursday at 7:30 p.m. Housing Authority, 65 First Street.
Mayor & Council
Houses of Worship
African Methodist Episcopal
Varick Memorial Zion Church
120 Atlantic Street
Central Avenue and Union Street
15 Conkiin Place
Mount Olive Baptist
Central and Second Avenues
New Hope Baptist
First Street and Berdan Place
218 Passaic Street
Church of God
Bethel Church of God in Christ
192 High Street
Bethel Gospel Church of Christ
204 James Street
Jackson Temple Church of God in Christ
56 Fair Street
Congregational First Congregational Church
720 Summit Avenue
Christ Church Episcopal
251 State Street
Saint Anthony of Padua Episcopal
Lodi and South Main Streets
Saint Cyprian's Church
269 First Street
506 Hamilton Place
280 Summit Avenue
Saint Mark's Evangeiical Lutheran Church
Ross and Grand Avenues
Hackensack Methodist Church
Summit and Passaic Streets
The Summit Church
720 Summit Avenue
Emmanuel Christian Fellowship (Assembly of God)
34 Van Wetering Place
Hackensack, NJ 07601
King of Kings Full Gospel Tabernacle
309 State Street
Little Bethel Holiness Church
264 Second Street Mt.
320 Hamilton Place
First Presbyterian Church
64 Passaic Street
Korean Hani! Presbyterian Church
64 Passaic Street
Reformed Churches in America
First Reformed Church
42 Court Street
Second Reformed Church
Union, Anderson and Ward Streets
Reformed Chapel (La Capsila Reformada)
Anderson and Union Streets
Third Reformed Church
67 South Prospect Avenue
Holy Trinity R.C. Church
34 Maple Avenue
Immaculate Conception Church
49 Vreeland Avenue
Saint Francis Church
50 Lodi Street
Saint Joseph's Church
460 Hudson Street
91 State Street
Seventh Day Adventist
106 Euclid Ave
Universal Hager's Spiritual Temple
180 Clay Street
Saint Mark's Syrian Orthodox Church
Grand and Fairmount Avenues
Statistical Information (2000 U.S. Census)